Sәrsenbi, 2 Jeltoqsan 2020
COVID-19 QAZAQSTANDA. Júqtyrghandar — 133118. Jazylghandar — 117362. Qaytys bolghandar — 1990
Sóile, suret 4355 1 pikir 31 Qantar, 2018 saghat 09:11

Qazaqtyng foto-tarihy

(Jalghasy. Basy myna siltemede)

Denderden bergi bauraydan

Inder – Kaspiy oipaty alabyndaghy túzdy túiyq kól. Negizgi tolyghu kózi ainalasyndaghy sazdardyng shyghatyn túzdy búlaqtar. Kól soltýstiginen Inder tauymen qorshalghan, ontýstik jaghalauy jazyq. Erte kezden qazaqtar  kólding layly saz balshyghyn týrli aurulardy emdeuge paydalandy.

Inder túzdy kólinde

Inder túzdy kóli

Inder túzdy kólining jalpy kórinisi

Inder túzdy kólining jaghalauy

Jәrmenkesi Oiyldyn

Sauda qatynastary erte zamannan bastap halyqtar men memleketter arasyn baylanystyratyn sayasi-ekonomikalyq qúbylys.  HIH ghasyrdaghy Batys Qazaqstan ónirindgi eng iri sauda ortalyghynyng biri – Oiyldaghy Kókjar jәrmenkesi. Oiyl jәrmenkesi Oraldyng ontýstiktegi әskery territoriyasy jәne shyghystaghy Bókey Ordasymen Novobogat poselkasy jәne Sarayshyq fortyna soghyp Gurievke baratyn jol arqyly qatynas jasaghan. Ataqty Oiyldyng kóktemgi jәne kýzgi jәrmenkelerine Guriev kópesteri de qatynasty. HIH ghasyrda Guriev  jәne Oiyl jәrmenkelerining arasyn jalghaghan keruen sauda joly qalyptasty. Búl sauda jolymen aghylghan saudagerler Oiyldan shyghyp Taysoyghan qúmymen, Oitan, Saghyz, Maqat, Dossor arqyly Guriev jәrmenkesine óz tauarlaryn jetkizgen. Oiyl jәrmenkesinde Múrat Mónkeúly, Qashaghan, Núrym,  Múhit Meralyúly siyaqty aqyndar aitystarymen, jyr-tolghaularymen jәrmenkege kelgen elding kónilin kóterip, halyqtyng ruhany ómirining ajaryn kirgizdi.

Oyyl jәrmenkesi

Oyyl jәrmenkesinde

Oyyl jәrmenkesindegi qazaqtar

Oyyl jәrmenkesinde

Oyyl jәrmenkesindegi qúdyq basynda

 

Osy ólkede...

Ólkemizde HH ghasyrdyng basynda 5 kazak-orys stanisasy, 17 qazaq bolysy jәne tenizge jaqyn ýsh kent boldy. Kaspiy tenizine jaqyn bolystar men kentterde balyq sharuashylyghy jaqsy damydy. Búl kezde orystar qonystanghan teniz jaghalauynda Jylyoy, Rakusha, Prorva kentteri payda boldy. Onyng eng ýlkeni Jylyoy kenti aimaqtaghy sauda, óndiris salasyna yqpalyn tiygizdi. Tarihy mәlimetter boyynsha 1914 jyly Jylyoy kentinde 1943 adamy bar 300 otbasy túrghan. Olardyng negizgi kәsibi balyq sharuashylyghy boldy.

 

Jylyoy manyndaghy balyqshylar kemesi

Tenizdegi balyqshylar kemesi (Jylyoy many)

Jylyoydaghy shirkeu

Jylyoy manyndaghy Kaspiy tenizi

Jylyoydaghy balyq kәsipshiligi

 

Aqqaly Ahmet, H.Dosmúhamedov atyndaghy Atyrau memlekettik uniyversiytetining professory, tarih ghylymdarynyng doktory

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