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Qayratker 14174 31 pikir 10 Qazan, 2019 saghat 11:51

Kemenger Kekilbaev kenistigi

Redaksiya: Qazaqstan Respublikasynyn Memlekettik hatshysy Qyrymbek Kósherbaevtyn kemenger jazushy Ábish Kekilbaev turaly maqalasyn «Egemen Qazaqstan» gәzeti jariyalapty. Atalghan maqalany biz óz oqyrmandarymyzgha da úsynghandy jón kórdik. 


«Jerasty qozghalystarynyn әlde bir siqyr qúdiretimen ghayyptan payda bolyp, keyin ken әlemnin tórinde mәngi baqi ornap qalatyn aqar-shaqar asqar shyndar siyaqty adamzat aldyndaghy qadir-qasiyeti tek bir ghana ghúmyrdyn auqymymen ólshenbeytin elden erek eresen túlghalar júmyr bastylar arasynda da úshyrasady. Onday siyrek tuatyn adamnyn ónegeli ómiri baqilyghy men bayandylyghy jaghynan ólmes-óshpes tabighattyn ózimen ghana bәsekege týse alady».

Búl – kemenger Ábish Kekilbay­úlynyn úly oyshyl, klassik jazushy Lev Tolstoygha arnaghan maqalasynyn bastauy. Shyny kerek, osynau oy-tolghau qaytalap oqyghanda Ábekennin ózine arnalghanday әser qaldyratyny ras.

Ábish aghanyn tarihiy túlghasy, birtuar bolmys-bitimi, oyshyl bey­nesi, qayratkerlik kelbeti turaly saliqaly pikirler, parasatty pa­yymdar ruhaniyatymyzda az aytylghan joq. Uaqyt ótken sayyn tau-túlghanyn túnghiyghyna boylap, ayauly perzentinin qyran samghauyn saraptap, tarlanboz shandozdyn ghúmyrbayanyn tarazylaytyn eljiregen elinin jýrekjardy pikiri, kózkórgenderdin kýndeligi tua beretin bolady. Ózimiz de býginderi kýni keshe qasymyzda birge jýrgen qabyrghaly qayratker, sanlaq sanatker, marghasqa qalamgerdin maghynaly ghúmyrynyn syr-symbaty jóninde jii oylanatyn boldyq.

Qazaq әdebiyetinin «Altyn ghasyry» atanghan XX ghasyrdyn 50-60-jyldary әdebiyet әlemine bir shoghyr talanttar keldi. Solardyn arasynda tyrnaqaldy tuyndysy «Altyn shuaqpen» әdebiyet әlemine bólek әser әkelgen Ábish Kekilbaevtyn orny bólek edi. Shaghalasy tolqyngha erkelep, tolqyny kókke tulaghan asau tenizdin úly – Ábish әdebiyet esigin ólenmen ashty.

Sóz ónerinin qaqpasyn ólenmen qaghyp, keyin kórkem prozada әlemdik mәdeniyet qazynasyna mol ýles qosqan Ábish Kekilbaev qalamgerlik quaty mol, kesteli sóz sheberligi joghary talantty túlgha, kóp qyrly suretker edi. Sóz ónerinin tizginin ústaghan әrbir suretkerdin en asyl armany men maqsat-mýddesi óz halqyn әlemge tanytu bolsa kerek. Búl túrghyda Ábish boryshy ótelgen baqytty jazushy. Onyn qalamynan tughan shygharmalary әlemnin birneshe tilderine audaryldy. Óz halqynyn talayly taghdyryn, jýrip ótken jolyn, múny men syryn, jany men aryn, tútas tabighatyn tórtkýl dýniyege tanytty. Kórnekti jazushy Kekilbaevtyn múrasy – últtyq intellektualdyq qazynagha aynaldy. Bir ghana mysal, 1982 jyly әdebiyettin ghasyrlyq kezenin saralap otyratyn Europanyn úyymy shygharghan «Songhy jýz jyldyqtyn ataqty jýz qalamgeri» degen portret-plakatta Tolstoy, Áuezov, Dostoevskiyy, Chehov, Markes, Heminguey, Paustovskiyy, Fediyn, Aytmatov, Ghamzatov syndy әlemdik túlghalar qatarynan Ábish te oryn aldy. Nemistin kitap baspasy jýrgizgen saualnama-hattamasynda «XX ghasyrdyn tandauly jazushylary» tizimine de endi. Sóytip tandamaly tuyndylary әlem jazushylary men synshylarynyn nazaryn audardy, shoqtyghy biyik shygharmashylyghy joghary baghalandy.

Ábish әleminin minsiz som qúyylysy da, tabighiy qúnarly qúrylysy da, fenomendik qúbylysy da – onyn aq raushan niyetinde, jýrek tazalyghynyn júpar shyrayynda. Ol kisi ne jazsa da, ne aytsa da, nemen shúghyldansa da, aqiqattan aynalyp ótpeudi múrat etetin. Adamgershilik, moralidyq-guma­nistik qúndylyqtardy ózi shúghyl­danghan salanyn barlyghyna altyn arqau ete bildi. Shyndyq pen shynayy­lyqty, adaldyq pen aqiqatty túghyr etken turashyl joly әrdayym halyqtyn mýddesinen, memlekettin mýddesinen shyghatyn.

Ábeken kózinin tirisinde-aq zanghar jazushy, oygha kenen parasat iyesi re­tinde moyyndalghan siyrek túlghanyn biri. Osylay mәngilik ómirdi ansaghan Qorqyt, ajaldyn aldyn alghan Qoja Ahmet Yasaui, jerúyyqty izdegen Asan qayghy, halqynyn kemeldigin ansaghan Abay, elin әlemdik órkeniyetke jetele­gen Múhtar Áuezov sekildi tau túlgha­lardyn qataryna qalamymen ghalamgha izgilik tilegen Ábish Kekilbaev ta qosylady.

Óz basym Ábish Kekilbayúly syndy san qyrly talant iyesimen, parasaty men izgiligi jarasqan bilimdarmen, eljandy degdarmen jeke tanystyqta, adamiy syilastyq-qimastyqta birge ótkizgen dәurenimdi eren baqytty shaghyma balaymyn. Kókshulan tenizde alyp kemenin jýzgeni qanday baysaldy da bayypty bolsa, kemenger Ábekennin aqyl-oy tebirenisi de júrtty lezde ruh tolqynymen sharpyp, әdemi әserge qaldyratyn. Elimiz egemendik alghan toqsanynshy jyldardyn basynan-aq talay mәrtebeli auditoriyany úr­shyqtay iyirip, uyzday úyytqan bayan­damalary, kórkem sózde olja, kósem­sózde jorgha salghan danghyl ónerpazdyghy aybyndy Alash elinin mýddesin jana túrpattaghy zaman men qoghamnyn betbúrys toghysynda tarazylap taldaghan, ruhaniy ómirimizdi týletuge serpilis pen silkinis tudyrghan dýniyeler bolatyn.

Qalyn júrtynyn kókiregine ruh qúy­ghan syrly sózderi Qazaq elinin tәuel­sizdigin dәriptep, azat oyyn shyn­dap, memleketimizdin qalyptasuyna nәr berip, zan týzimin jetildiruge, halyqaralyq qauymdastyqta layyqty ornyn enshileuge zor ýles bop qosyldy.

Daladay dalighan ken mol pishilgen danghayyr daryn әdebiyet pen ónerdin barlyq salasynda jasampazdyqpen enbek etti. Kino men teatr ónerinin qyruar mәselesine jastyq jigermen dem berdi. Zәru taqyryptar men shyrghalan dramalargha súranysty qamtamasyz etuge kýsh salyp ózi de jazdy, әlemdik klassikadan tartymdy audar­malar jasady. Tәuelsizdik túsynda jyrmen tolghaghan «Abylay han» dramasy – azattyq jolynda arpalysqan handarymyz ben batyr­larymyzgha, biylerimiz ben iygi-jaq­sy­la­rymyzgha zerli sózben túrghyzylghan jauhar eskertkish. Asyl sózdin has zergeri poeziya, proza, kósemsóz, syn, saparnama, poeziya, proza, kýy men san aluan kórkem ónerdin óristi tabighatyn týsindirgen saraptama zertteulerdi jazyp artyna ónegeli mektep qaldyrdy.

Ábish aghanyn sheshendik kýmbirinde aq dombyrasyn qaru etken Abyl kýyshinin myn qatparly әuen yrghaghy, Aqtan bastaghan jyraulardyn tókpe jyrynyn túnghiyq saryny, kaynozoy zamanynyn tirshilik tabynyn elesi qalghan Manghystau dalasynyn saghym múnary aldynnan eskendey tylsym qatpar seziledi emes pe?!

Qogham men zamannyn, әleumet pen sayasattyn shiryqqan keleli mәsele­lerin tәuelsiz memlekettin ruhani iydeologiyalyq nәri retinde útymdy tújyrymdaghan publisistikalyq shygharmalary oyshyldyq mazmúny qoyu, kórkemdik lebi quatty boluymen erekshelenedi. «Talayghy Taraz», «Shandoz» jinaqtary tarih pen tanymdy, mәdeniyet pen ejelgi ónerdin qúpiya syryn úshtastyrghan zamanaui oy-tanymgha jana baghyt әkelgen dýniyeler. «Syr deste» degen atpen oy-tolghaulary, esse, estelik, sóylegen sózderinin bes tomdyq arnayy jinaghy jaryqqa shyghuy – qazaq kósemsózinin kókjiyegin kenitken múnaraly biyikter.

Elbasy Núrsúltan Nazarbaevtyn senimdi serikterinin biri de, biregeyi de bolghan ol tәuelsiz elimizdin sayasiy-ruhaniy bet-beynesin qalyptaugha óz qoltanbasyn qaldyrdy. Onyn El­basynyn sheshimimen egemen elimizdin jylnamasynda alghash ret «Qazaqstan Respublikasynyn Túnghysh Preziydenti – Elbasy Núrsúltan Nazarbaev» orde­nimen marapattalghany, mereyli jetpis jasqa tolghanda «Qazaqstannyn Enbek Eri» ataghynyn túnghysh iyegeri atanuy – Elbasy Núrsúltan Ábishúlynyn qay­ratker qalamgerge degen ayryqsha ynta-yqylasy, sol arqyly últymyz­dyn әdebiyeti men ónerine degen teren sýyispenshiliginin ayqyn dәleli tanyl­ghanday. Osynyn barlyghy Ábish aghanyn el, últ aldyndaghy eren enbeginin baghalanghandyghy edi.

Kezinde elimizdin Parlament Sena­tynda qyzmettes bolyp syilasqan, býginde kemenger Kekilbaevqa arnalghan mereytoylyq iygilikti isterdin bastauynda túrghan Qazaqstan Preziydenti Qasym-Jomart Kemelúly Toqaevtyn zanghar jazushynyn 80 jyldyq is-sharasynyn shymyldyghyn ashqan sózinde qayratker qalamgerdin túlghasyna riya­syz bagha berip «Ábishtanu endi bas­taldy» deui – teren filosofiyalyq-baghdarlamalyq mәnge iye.

Shyn mәninde, elinin yqylasyna ie bolghan enseli qalamgerdin әrbir mereytoyy jas úrpaq ýshin taghylym men ónegege ie aytuly qúbylysqa aynaluy tiyis. Olay bolatyny Ábishti tanu – onyn múrasyn teren iygeru, oy-parasatyna shomu, qazaq halqynyn dana dәstýri, bauyrmaldyghy men otan­sýygish sezimin týletumen, týgendeumen ten ghibratty shara.

Býginderi elordamyzdan bas­tap, oblys-oblystarda ayshyqty bas­qosu, alqaly jiyndar, ghylymiy konferensiyalar jýyeli úyym­das­ty­rylyp jatyr. Marghasqa sóz zergerinin ruhyn úlyqtay týsu maqsatynda týrli ruhaniy nysandargha, danghyldar men kóshelerge esimin beru bastamasy sheshimin tauyp otyrghany – eldigimizdin ónegeli de óreli belgisi.

Ábekenmen emen-jarqyn didarlasyp birge ótkizgen sәuleli sәtter, shuaqty kýnder sanadan óshpek emes. Ózinin azamat bolyp qalyptasuyna, qalamgerlik soqpaqqa týsuine tirek bolghan baspaldaqtardy ol údayy jyly sezimmen eske alyp otyratyn. Onyn kisilik kelbetin qalyptastyryp, aqyndyq albyrt sezimin úshtaghan altyn úya auyly, ósken óniri, kókiregi danghyl qarttar, aq jaulyqty meyirban analar edi. Álbette, búl turaly ol jas kezinen beri túraqty jazyp keldi, ekeuara nemese kópshilik aldyndaghy qyzyqty әngimelerinin taqyryby da negizinen osy tónireginde edi.

Tughan ólkesine degen saghynyshyn, sanasyn tym erte eseytken súrapyl soghys jyldary turaly shytyrman estelikterin ghúmyrynyn sonyna deyin bir ret te sarqyp týgese almay ketti. Ábish Kekilbayúly әdebiyet әlemine ruhy eshqashan múqalmaytyn, ar-namysqa adal keyipkerler galereyasyn syilady. Ábish Kekilbayúlynyn túlghatanu, dәuirdi tanu salasyndaghy jaz­bala­rynyn ózi – alyp bir Shoghyr. Tarihiy darabozdarymyzdyn esimderin el jadynda janghyrtudaghy enbegi úshan-teniz. Aytuly tarihiy túlgha­lardyn kókirek týkpirine psihologiyalyq qyraghylyqpen, matema­tiy­kalyq dәldikpen ýnilip, oqyrma­nyna shytyrman minezdi shynayy obraz etip úsynady. Shynghys han, Ámir Temir, Ábilqayyr han, Abylay­ han túlghalary shiryqqan tartys, kýrdeli bitim-bolmysymen ejelgi tariyh­tyn qaytalanbas shytyrman oqigha­symen býgingi bizdi betpe-bet qaldyryp, onashada oy týyuge shaqyrady.

Daraboz suretker ýshin ruhaniy kemeldilik – ar tazalyghy, sezim shynayylyghy, múrat túrlaulylyghy boldy. «Arly adam – en kýshti adam.Óytkeni ol ótkinshi baqyttyn, ótkinshi qayghynyn yrqyna moyynsúnbaydy. Sondyqtan da onyn taghdyry qiyn boluy, auyr boluy mýmkin, ókinishti boluy mýmkin emes» degen oygha shýbәsiz berik edi.

Ilim-bilimge qúshtarlyq, arly adamdy ardaqtau, tarihiy zerdeni janghyrtu, asyl múrattan taymau sekildi qasiyetteri jóninen býginderi qalyn oqyrman habardar. Osynau erekshelikterdin bala kezden-aq tal boyyna dendep enuine týrli sebeptermen Jaratqannyn ózi údayy qoldap, jebep otyrghanday. Auylyna ken qazugha kelgen týrli ekspedisiyalargha ilesip aylap, aptalap joryq sapargha ketuge qanshalyqty qúshtarlyq pen qajyrly tózim qajet desenizshi?! Balalyq kónilmen әuestengen ken barlau kәsibi danalyqqa qadam basqan shaghynda baba tarihtyn syryn ashyp, adam janynyn kenin qazugha septesken synayly.

Ádette Ábish agha sóylegennen keyin kóptegen oqymysty, ghalymnyn ózderi biletin taqyryptan tosylynqyrap qalatynyna nemese siltidey tynyp tanyrqaumen shekteletinine talay kuә bolghanbyz. O kisi bayandaghan kezde anyqtyn ózi ayqyndanyp, dúrystyn ózi týzulenip ketkendey kórinetin. Bayandaushynyn dәleldilik, dәyektilik qasiyeti zor boluy – tyndaushynyn baqyty. Óytkeni Kekilbaev kenistigi tyndaushyny izgilik pen ruhaniy kemeldenuge shaqyrady.

Ábish Kekilbayúlynyn әdebiyettegi san salaly múrasymen qatar memleket isindegi múratyna qatysty keninen toqtala alamyz. Ol tipti qalamgerlik qúdiretpen ózge dýniyeni jiyp qoyyp dara shúghyldanghan kezi siyrek. Shygharmashylyqpen kóbine júmystan keyingi eki-ýsh saghatta nemese kezekti enbek demalysynda aynalysyp jýretin. Yaghni, úlan-ghayyr ónikti enbegin qaghaz betine qajyrly da orasan enbekqorlyqpen tanbalady. Búdan jazu ataulygha adaldyghy, qalam quatyna senimi ayqyn angharylady. Áytpese memlekettik basqaru isindegi jetistigi men belsendiliginin ózi-aq bir adamnyn ghúmyryna jetetindey edi.

Áriyne әdebiyettegi Ábish pen sayasattaghy Ábishtin arasynda edәuir ayyrmashylyq bar ekeni ras. Biraq maqsat-mýddesi bireu edi. Ádebiyetshi Ábish – últjandy, sayasatker Ábish – memleketshil. Ol osy eki mindetinin de auyrlyghyn armen, salmaghyn sanamen, ólshemin óremen kóterdi. Býgilmes berik, bógelmes bayypty Ábeken – ghajap suretker, súnghyla saya­satker, bilikti basshy, qay qalypqa salsan da qayyspas qara nar bolatyn. Ábishtanudyn teren taghylymy osynda jatyr.

Álbette, әriptes zamandastary arasynda Ábekennin memleket qyzmetine aralasuy әrkelki qabyldandy. Onyn әdebiyetpen basybayly aynalysqanyn qúba-qúp kórushiler kóp ekeninen habardarmyz. Búl jaytty óz sózderinen de andaushy edik. Degenmen, biz búl jerde atalghan ahualgha baylanys­ty bagha beruden, pikir qaldyrudan aulaqpyz. Árkimnin, әsirese Ábish agha syndy alyp sanatkerdin, danghayyr daryn iyesinin qabileti kәmil jetetin san salaly istermen shúghyldanugha әbden haqysy bar. Zanghar jazushynyn Qazaqstan Respublikasynyn Jogharghy Kenesin basqaruy, Memlekettik hatshy lauazymyn aytarlyqtay uaqyt boyy atqaruy bile bilgenge jenil sharua emes. Ábeken jazudaghy aq-adaldyq kredosyn memleket qyzmetinde de qatan ústandy. Basqaday boluy mýmkin emes edi. Óz keyipkerlerinin ruhty, arly adam boluyn kózdegen jazushy memleket qyzmetinde otyryp ta aqiqat jolyn tandaghan abyzdyq saf minezinen aynymady. «Qanday lauazym iyesi de óz ókilettigi ayasynan aspauy kerek. ...bizdin eshqaysymyzdyn zannan asqan qatal, ne zannan asqan kenpeyil bolugha haqymyz joq» deytini sondyqtan.

Birtuar suretker Ábish Kekilbaev­tyn jazghandaryn qaytalap oqyp túru bәrimizdi ruhaniy shyndalugha, kemeldenuge ýndeydi. Kekilbaev kenis­tigin oysha sholghanda biz de abyz aghanyn kókeyimizde jattalghan nemese kitaptarynda qattalghan keybir pa­yymdaryna oralyp soghyp otyrdyq. Aghamyzben mereyli jasy qarsanynda qayta bir didarlasyp, súhbattasqanday әserde boldyq.

Ábish – qazaqqa ortaq túlgha. Qazaqstannyn qay aymaghy da Ábishti óz úldarynday sýydi, qúrmettedi, maqtan tútty. Suretkerdin ózi de qazaq dalasyn janynday jaqsy kórdi, әr ónir oghan ózinin tughan topyraghynday, asyl túmarynday kórinetin. Sondyqtan bolsa kerek, tútas qazaq tarihyn, onyn ótken ómirin teren biletin súnghyla edi Ábish aghamyz.

Ábish ruhy qazaqtyn mәngi janynda hәm jadynda. Abyz anyzgha aynaldy. Qalamgha – qanat, ghalamgha – ghalamat, kemge – tilek, elge – tirek, últqa jýrek bolghan bolmys iyesi úrpaqty jebegen babasy Qorqyt, atasy Pir Bekettey endi ózi de últyna úran bolary kәmil. Sol arqyly júrtynyn jýreginde, elinin esinde mәngi jasay beredi.

Qyrymbek Kósherbaev,

Qazaqstan Respublikasynyn Memlekettik hatshysy.

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